By Gernot Windfuhr

The Iranian languages shape the foremost japanese department of the Indo-European workforce of languages, itself a part of the bigger Indo-Iranian kin. anticipated to have among one hundred fifty and two hundred million local audio system, the Iranian languages represent one of many world’s significant language households. This entire quantity deals a close evaluation of the main languages which make up this crew: previous Iranian, center Iranian, and New Iranian. The Iranian Languages is split into fifteen chapters. The introductory chapters by means of the editor current a basic evaluate and an in depth dialogue of the linguistic typology of Iranian. the person chapters which persist with are written by way of major specialists within the box. those give you the reader with concise, non-technical descriptions of a number of Iranian languages. each one bankruptcy follows an analogous development and series of subject matters, taking the reader throughout the major beneficial properties not just of phonology and morphology but additionally of syntax; from word point to advanced sentences and pragmatics. plentiful examples on all degrees are supplied with distinctive annotation for the non-specialist reader. additionally, every one bankruptcy covers lexis, sociolinguistic and typological concerns, and concludes with annotated pattern texts. This designated source is the right better half for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars of linguistics and language. it is going to even be of curiosity to researchers or a person with an curiosity in ancient linguistics, linguistics anthropology and language improvement. Gernot Windfuhr is Professor of Iranian reports on the college of Michigan; he has released broadly on Persian and Iranian languages and linguistics and similar languages, in addition to on different elements of Iranian tradition together with Persian literature and Pre-Islamic Iranian religions.

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4 Definiteness 3 . 2 Adjectives and degree 3 . 1 . 3 Pronouns and deixis 3 . 1 . 3 . 1 Personal pronouns 3 . 2 Demonstrative pronouns and deixis 3 . 3 Reflexive and possessive pronouns 3 . 4 Interrogatives and indefinites and related adverbials 3 . 4 Adpositions Ii 783 783 784 784 787 787 787 788 789 789 789 790 790 790 790 790 79U 791 791 791 791 79 1 791 79 1 79 1 79 1 792 792 792 792 792 792 792 793 793 793 794 794 794 794 794 794 795 795 796 Iii F U L L CONTENTS 4 3. 4. 1 Prepositions 3. 2 Postpositions 3.

2 Uvular x y vs. velar ,\, ji 2 . 3 Palatal c j vs. dental c j 2. 4 Labio-dental v vs. bilabial JI! 2. 5 N on-phonemic h 2. 3 Consonant clusters 2. 1 . 3. 1 Clusters and structural assimilation 2 . 2 Metathesis 2 . 3 Voice assimilation 2 . 1 . 4 Assimilation of n 2 . 2. 3 Morphophonemic alternations M orphology 3 . 1 Nominal morphology 3 . 1 . 1 Nouns 3. 1 . 1 . 1 Gender 3 . l . l . l a Morphol ogical gender 3. 1 . 1 . 1 b Gender marking by attributives and verb forms 3 . l . l . l c Classificatory gender 3 .

5. 2. 2. 7b Irrealis wishes in past time Syntax and use of forms 4. 2 . 3. 4. 4. 1 . 4. 4. 4. 4. 4. 4. 2 . 4. 3 . 5 Semantics and use of verb forms 4. 5 . 2. 3. 3b Hunza Wakhi Complex sentences 5. 3. 1 . 3 . 2 Relative noun in relative clause 5. 3 . 3. 4 ki and tS;} in relative clause 5. 3. 2. 4. 4. 1 . 4. 4. 1 . 4. 4. 2 I nfinitival temporal constructions 842 842 842 842 842 842 843 843 844 844 844 845 845 845 846 846 846 846 846 847 847 847 847 848 848 848 848 849 849 849 849 849 850 850 850 850 850 850 851 851 851 .

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