By Ian O'Flynn, David Russell, Donald Horowitz

It's commonly assumed that inner power-sharing is a possible democratic technique of coping with inter-communal clash in divided societies. In precept, this type of presidency permits groups that experience conflicting identities to treatment longstanding styles of discrimination and to co-exist peacefully. Key arguments in help of this view are available within the hugely influential works of Arend Lijphart and Donald Horowitz.New demanding situations for Power-Sharing seeks to discover the unintentional effects of power-sharing for the groups themselves, their person individuals, and for others in society. extra in particular, it truly is precise in wondering explicitly even if strength sharing: perpetuates inter-communal clash via institutionalising distinction on the political level;inhibits clash answer through encouraging extremism; stifles inner range; and fails to depart adequate area for person autonomy.This ebook not just offers a theoretical exploration and critique of those questions, yet comprehensively examines particular try out circumstances the place power-sharing associations were validated, together with in Northern eire, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia and Lebanon. It additionally explores such concerns because the position of political leaders, human rightsinstruments, the location of girls, and the clients for reconciliation inside of such societies. moreover it presents a close set of coverage suggestions to satisfy the demanding situations of transition in deeply-divided societies.

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O’Neill 2003, p. 386) But whereas we might be tempted to think that the aim of including all such people within the democratic process has to take its place behind the task of finding a workable means of including the main contending groups, I believe this thought to be mistaken. Broadening the scope of inclusion does not merely enhance the quality of life of those who stand to gain directly, but has implications for society as a whole. For just like groups, individuals who are at liberty to choose the terms in which to express themselves politically are more likely to participate in the kind of debate, and contribute towards the sorts of democratic decisions, that could build a better future for everyone in society (O’Flynn 2004, pp.

The underlying justification for what might otherwise be regarded as racial or religious or linguistic discrimination is the preservation of communal values or customs and ultimately of the community itself. O'Flynn 01 intro 38 24/8/05 12:37:39 Integration and Autonomy 39 There are also some corresponding difficulties and dangers. As the number and diversity of established and immigrant communities increases in many countries, there is an obvious problem in identifying which communities are entitled to autonomy for particular purposes and which are not.

This definition carries with it the general sense of going first, of direction-setting. But it also suggests that what leaders do, either by act or omission, and how those actions or omissions impact upon their supporters, matters enormously for the success of a given power-sharing system within a given territory. In divided societies, leaders typically aim to speak for and advance the interests of their own ethno-national group or community rather than the interests of the electorate as a whole.

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