By Vanessa Martin

During this quantity, Vanessa Martin makes a groundbreaking contribution at the dynamics of the Iranian Revolution and the Islamist revival specifically appropriate within the context of the talk coming up out of Iran's fresh elections. Political Islam and its fresh violent bi-products first grew to become the point of interest of foreign realization following the luck of the 1979 Iranian Revolution led through the Ayatollah Khomeini. This remarkable e-book is the 1st to investigate the ideological roots of an Islamic nation as conceived by way of Khomeini. Martin reveals a lot of the foundation in the back of Khomeini’s political pondering being prompted by means of western resources.

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Extra resources for Creating an Islamic State: Khomeini and the Making of a New Iran

Sample text

Reza Shah rose to power on a wave of opinion that desired to see the country strong. Working at great speed, he accomplished much but relinquished the judicious negotiations of his early years in favour of overdependence on the army and consequent political underdevelopment, a pattern that was to continue under his son. Muhammad Reza also pursued a relentlessly secular identity for the state in a country that, whatever the social and economic change, remained overwhelmingly Shi'i in both religious and cultural feeling.

5,6 He also felt that lack of support of Mudarris on the part of others had permitted the consolidation of power by the Pahlavi dynasty. He went frequently to listen to Mudarris speak in the assembly, and often went to his classes and his home. He particularly respected the simplicity of Mudarris’s lifestyle, and the fact that he was dressed in cloth of Iranian make. This admiration is significant because of both the similarities and the differences between the two. Mudarris was also born in the province of Isfahan, in his case near Ardistan, into a clerical family, and had a similar upbringing and education.

The revival in 'irfan took the form of renewed interest in the thought of the great seventeenthcentury mystic philosopher Mulla Sadra, as exemplified in his work Asfar al-arba'a (The Four Journeys). The famous nineteenth-century mystic philosopher, Mulla Hadi Sabzavari (d. fm Page 32 Thursday, April 27, 2000 1:11 PM 32 CREATING AN ISLAMIC STATE summary of the teaching of Mulla Sadra in Sharh-i manzuma (Commentary on the Composition), one of the main texts of Islamic mystic philosophy. 9 A second early guide was Mirza Aqa Javad Maliki Tabrizi (d.

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