By L. Braganca

Because of adjustments within the composition of the inhabitants, society adjustments always with appreciate to varied elements together with age-structure, relations composition and the supply of strength. alterations result in occasions which are mirrored within the commissioning of constructions, that's steadily shifted from new building to the reuse and preservation of present structures. the difference of constructions frequently calls for the amendment of facades and the development in the back of. The scope of this motion in the expense shipping and concrete improvement area is to enhance recommendations and strategies for envelopes of structures built over the last 1/2 the 20 th century within the fee international locations. In different phrases it really is directed at the development envelopes of the so-called non-traditional structures. This ebook relies on a help through fee, an intergovernmental eu framework for overseas cooperation among nationally funded study actions. fee creates medical networks and allows scientists to collaborate in a large spectrum of actions in learn and technology.IOS Press is a global technology, technical and scientific writer of top quality books for teachers, scientists, and execs in all fields. many of the parts we submit in: -Biomedicine -Oncology -Artificial intelligence -Databases and knowledge structures -Maritime engineering -Nanotechnology -Geoengineering -All facets of physics -E-governance -E-commerce -The wisdom financial system -Urban reports -Arms keep watch over -Understanding and responding to terrorism -Medical informatics -Computer Sciences

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State of the art - Denmark Fællestegnestuen for Albertslund Syd, 1964. Albertslund Syd, Teknisk projekt til gårdhuse og rækkehuse. Copenhagen: Byggeindustrien Landsbyggefonden, 2001. Fysisk opretning og forbedring af almene boligafdelinger. Copenhagen: Landsbyggefonden Nissen, H. 1972. Industrialized Building and Modular Design. London: Cement and Concrete Association SBI-rapport 75, 1971. TÆT LAV - en boligform, Eksempelsamling, Hørsholm: Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut (SBI) Technical Improvement of Housing Envelopes in France Dominique Groleau CERMA, UMR CNRS 1563, Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Nantes, France Francis Allard LEPTAB, Université de La Rochelle, France Gérard Guarracino DGCB, Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l’Etat, Vaulx en Velin, France Bruno Peuportier, CEP, Ecole des Mines de Paris, France ABSTRACT: The improvement of housing envelopes can play an important role to change the image of the building, to modify the use inside the dwelling, to transform the immediate surroundings of the buildings, to improve the technical and functional performance of the building and to enhance the life environment of inhabitants.

Lefkosia Statistical Service. 2001. Population Census. Lefkosia: Government of Cyprus Synergy Program. 1995. “Preparation of an Action Plan for Improving the Efficiency of the Energy Sector in Cyprus”, Energia, 1995, pp 5-11 This page intentionally left blank Technical Improvement of Housing Envelopes in Denmark T. Dahl The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture E. Melgaard The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture J. DTU, Dept. of Civil Engineering, DTU, Technical University of Denmark ABSTRACT: The most important reason for renovating Danish housing estates from the post war period has been adaptation to increasing demands on energy conservation, but decay of materials and constructions in the façade, leaking roofs and penetrating water have also necessitated reconstruction and modernisation of façades in the housing stock from that period.

In the 80s systems mineral fibre lamellas were also used. In the 90s varied systems were developed using other types of insulating mate- Technical Improvement of Housing Envelopes in Germany 43 rial made from wood fibres or mineral foam plates (foam concrete), however no adequate long term experience is available for these yet. 2 Fig. 2: (a) Bonded polystyrene system (PS-ETICS), (b) Bonded and dowelled mineral fibre system (MFETICS), (c) System with rail mounting (from [1]) Along with the purely bonded or bonded and dowelled systems, systems with rail mounting (Fig.

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