By Russell S. Tomlin

This quantity seeks to extend our realizing of the relation protecting among discourse kin, cognitive devices, and linguistic coding. The twenty contributions during this assortment discover a number of of the next subject matters: How perspective, or the salience of data in discourse, impacts the organizational coherence of textual content and discourse; the idea that of cognitive and linguistic event and how occasions are mirrored in textual content and discourse association; the character of linguistic coding of occasions and different kinds of vital info; and the cognitive bases or cognitive correlates of the linguistic association of discourse.

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Additional info for Coherence and Grounding in Discourse: Outcome of a Symposium, Eugene, Oregon, June 1984

Sample text

Semi-Active Concepts ("Accessible Information") What follows will appear in clearer perspective if we keep in mind a hypothetical frame of reference in which, for the speaker, the initial pause is occupied by changes in the activation states of one or more concepts, each such change belonging to one of three types: (1) (2) (3) a change of a previously inactive concept to an active one. a change of a previously semi-active concept to an active one. a change of a previously active concept to a semi-active one.

And then he would (laughter)) ... But then .. you know he would just .. give a lécture, .. a-nd .. there was no .. real interáction with t h e - .. the students, .. and then .. a t . at the end, 24 WALLACE CHAFE 30. 31. (32. 33. 34. (35. 36. 37. (38. 39. 40. he would close his notes, .. and walk out of the room. ) ... And he was the . I I guess that is the .. ) ... of lßcturing. But he was the .. the most extreme exámple I had . I ever had as student. ) And he was véry good, .. yéah. Looking at the general format of language production in this way, we get a picture of alternating pauses and vocalizations that is schematically representable as follows: ...

We remember only "a collection of moments" (Salaman: 1970), with vast blank spaces in between. It is of some interest that this speaker was telling, not of a singlé event, but rather of an event type. Many old memories appear to be of this nature. We remember kinds of things we used to do or used to have happen to us, not particular instantiations of them. In looking through some materials of the Berkeley Oral History Project a few years ago, I was struck with how few cases there were in which one of the interviewees told about a single particular hap­ pening.

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