By Seth C. Rasmussen
Ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, is among the such a lot ubiquitous chemicals within the background of the chemical sciences. The new release of alcohol through fermentation is additionally one of many oldest types of chemical know-how, with the construction of fermented drinks equivalent to mead, beer and wine predating the smelting of metals. through the twelfth century, the power to isolate alcohol from wine had moved this chemical species from an easy element of alcoholic drinks to either a brand new drugs and a strong new solvent. in fact, this additionally all started the lengthy culture of construction of liqueurs and robust spirits for intake. using alcohol as a gasoline, although, didn't take place till considerably later classes. This quantity offers a common evaluate of the early historical past and chemistry of alcohol creation and isolation, in addition to a dialogue of its early makes use of in either the chemical arts and medicine.
By Christine Negroni
“Negroni is a skilled aviation journalist who sincerely is aware the significantly very important half the human issue performs in aviation safety.” —Captain Chesley “Sully” Sullenberger, pilot people airlines 1549, the Miracle at the Hudson
One of The Wall road Journal’s three Books each Geek may still learn This Fall
A attention-grabbing exploration of ways people and machines fail—leading to air failures from Amelia Earhart to MH370—and how the teachings discovered from those injuries have made flying safer.
In The Crash Detectives, veteran aviation journalist and air defense investigator Christine Negroni takes us within crash investigations from the early days of the jet age to the current, together with the quest for solutions approximately what occurred to the lacking Malaysia airways Flight 370. As Negroni dissects what occurred and why, she explores their universal subject matters and, most vital, what has been discovered from them to make planes more secure. certainly, as Negroni exhibits, nearly each element of recent pilot education, airline operation, and aircraft layout has been formed by means of classes realized from catastrophe. alongside the best way, she additionally information a few superb saves, whilst quick-thinking pilots prevented disaster and saved hundreds and hundreds of individuals alive.
Tying in aviation technological know-how, functionality psychology, and huge interviews with pilots, engineers, human elements experts, crash survivors, and others all in favour of injuries around the world, The Crash Detectives is an alternately terrifying and encouraging publication that would simply therapy your worry of flying, and should certainly make you a extra trained passenger.
“Christine Negroni combines her investigative reporting abilities with an knowing of the complexities of air twist of fate investigations to carry to existence a few of history’s so much interesting and heartbreaking cases.” —Bob Woodruff, ABC News
By Joseph Seckbach, Richard Gordon (Editors)
The talk among divine motion, or religion, and usual choice, or technology, is garnering super curiosity. This e-book ventures well past the standard, contrasting American Protestant and atheistic issues of view, and in addition comprises the views of Jews, Muslims, and Roman Catholics. It includes arguments from some of the proponents of clever layout, creationism, and Darwinism, and likewise covers the delicate factor of the way to include evolution into the secondary tuition biology curriculum. Comprising contributions from well-liked, award-winning authors, the e-book additionally includes dialogs following every one bankruptcy to supply additional stimulus to the readers and an entire photo of this "hot" subject, which delves into the basics of technological know-how and faith. Contents: history in Theology, Philosophy and technology; in the direction of concord among technological know-how and faith; Is a simply medical method of the starting place of lifestyles within the Universe Sufficient?; clinical perspectives on Divine motion; A discussion among religion and cause; technology Curricula in faculties of assorted nations; Are There attainable Avenues in the direction of Convergence; clever lifestyles in the Universe and Divine motion; end.
By Paul Malliavin
In five self sufficient sections, this e-book bills fresh major advancements of stochastic research: Gross-Stroock Sobolev area over a Gaussian chance house; quasi-sure research; count on stochastic integrals as divergence operators; precept of move from traditional differential equations to stochastic differential equations; Malliavin calculus and elliptic estimates; stochastic research in countless measurement.
By Robert M. Thorson
"Let us settle ourselves, and paintings and wedge our ft downward," Thoreau invitations his readers in Walden, "till we come to a troublesome backside and rocks in position, which we will be able to name reality." Walden's Shore explores Thoreau's knowing of that arduous fact, now not as metaphor yet as actual technological know-how. Robert M. Thorson is drawn to Thoreau the rock and mineral collector, interpreter of landscapes, and box scientist whose compass and measuring stick have been as vital to him as his plant press. At Walden's climax, Thoreau asks us to visualize a "living earth" upon which all animal and plants is parasitic. This ebook examines Thoreau's figuring out of the geodynamics of that dwelling earth, and the way his figuring out trained the writing of Walden.
The tale unfolds opposed to the ferment of traditional technological know-how within the 19th century, as common Theology gave technique to sleek secular technology. That period observed one of many nice errors within the historical past of yank science--the rejection of glacial conception. Thorson demonstrates simply how shut Thoreau got here to getting to know a "theory of every little thing" which could have defined many of the panorama he observed from the entrance of his cabin at Walden. At pivotal moments in his occupation, Thoreau encountered the paintings of the geologist Charles Lyell and that of his protégé Charles Darwin. Thorson concludes that the inevitable direction of Thoreau's idea used to be descendental, now not transcendental, as he labored his approach downward during the complexity of existence to its inorganic foundation, the dwelling rock.
By James Delbourgo, Nicholas Dew
Technology and Empire within the Atlantic World is the 1st e-book within the growing to be box of Atlantic reports to ascertain the creation of clinical wisdom within the Atlantic international from a comparative and foreign viewpoint. instead of concentrating on a selected clinical box or unmarried nationwide context, this assortment captures the multiplicity of practices, humans, languages, and agendas that characterised the site visitors in wisdom round the Atlantic global, linking this information to the social methods basic to colonialism, resembling commute, alternate, ethnography, and slavery.
By Helga Nowotny
Interest is the most motive force in the back of clinical task. clinical interest, insatiable in its explorations, doesn't be aware of what it's going to locate, or the place it's going to lead. technological know-how wishes autonomy to domesticate this sort of untrammeled interest; innovation, in spite of the fact that, responds to the wishes and wishes of society. Innovation, argues influential eu technology experiences student Helga Nowotny, tames the fervour of technological know-how, harnessing it to provide ''deliverables.'' technology brings uncertainties; innovation effectively copes with them. Society demands either the fervour for wisdom and its taming. This ambivalence, Nowotny contends, is an inevitable results of modernity.In Insatiable interest, Nowotny explores the strands of the usually unforeseen intertwining of technological know-how and know-how and society. Uncertainty arises, she writes, from an oversupply of information. the hunt for innovation is society's reaction to the uncertainties that include medical and technological success. Our challenge is the way to stability the big yet unpredictable capability of technological know-how and know-how with our acknowledgment that now not every thing that may be performed may be performed. we will be able to break out the outdated polarities of utopias and dystopias, writes Nowotny, by means of accepting our ambivalence—as a legacy of modernism and a favorable cultural source.
By Robert Crease
Listed below are the tales of the 10 most well-liked equations of all time as voted for through readers of "Physics World", together with - accessibly defined the following for the 1st time - the favorite equation of all, Euler's equation. every one is an equation that captures with appealing simplicity what can in basic terms be defined clumsily in phrases. Euler's equation [eip + 1 = zero] used to be defined via respondents as 'the so much profound mathematic assertion ever written', 'uncanny and sublime', 'filled with cosmic attractiveness' and 'mind-blowing'. jointly those equations additionally quantity to the world's such a lot concise and trustworthy physique of data. Many scientists and people with a mathematical bent have a delicate spot for equations. This booklet explains either why those ten equations are so appealing and critical, and the human tales at the back of them.
By De Lacy O'Leary
The historical past of technological know-how is one among wisdom being handed from group to group over hundreds of thousands of years, and this can be the vintage account of the main influential of those routine -- how Hellenistic technology handed to the Arabs the place it took on a brand new lifestyles and ended in the improvement of Arab astronomy and medication, which flourished within the courts of the Muslim international and later handed directly to medieval Europe. beginning with the increase of Hellenism in Asia within the wake of the campaigns of Alexander the good, O'Leary offers with the Greek legacy of technology, philosophy, arithmetic, and drugs and follows it because it travels around the close to East propelled by means of faith, exchange, and conquest. Dealing extensive with Christianity as a Hellenizing strength, the effect of the Nestorians and the Monophysites, Indian affects by means of land and sea, and the increase of Buddhism, O'Leary then specializes in the improvement of technology throughout the Baghdad Khalifate, the interpretation of Greek clinical fabric into Arabic, and the impact it had at the background of drugs, technology, and ancient geography, in addition to the historical past of the Arab global.
By Sue V. Rosser
Why are there so few girls in technology? In Breaking into the Lab, Sue Rosser makes use of the reports of profitable ladies scientists and engineers to respond to the query of why elite associations have so few girls scientists and engineers tenured on their colleges. ladies are hugely certified, inspired scholars, and but they've got enormously better charges of attrition, and they're shying clear of the fields with the maximum call for for employees and the largest monetary payoffs, equivalent to engineering, machine sciences, and the actual sciences. Rosser indicates that those carrying on with developments aren't only... Read more...