By Roman Pina Chan
El símbolo, el mito y el culto de Quetzalcóatl tienen un origen múltiple: el agua y l. a. tierra se unieron en un principio en l. a. imagen de l. a. fertilidad resumida en los angeles serpiente-jaguar; más tarde se agregó a ésta un elemento celeste —la lluvia, el agua que viene de las alturas— y nació el pájaro-serpiente; los pueblos teocráticos, finalmente, elevaron estas concepciones al ámbito de las deidades y terminaron representando a los angeles nube de l. a. lluvia, portadora, propiciadora de l. a. fertilidad, como una serpiente emplumada o quetzallicóatl. Con el tiempo, el pájaro-serpiente se antropomorfizó: así surgió el dios Quetzalcóatl, hombre, pájaro y serpiente, simbolizado en el planeta Venus, estrella matutina y vespertina. Deidad twin, tuvo un impresionante culto a lo largo y ancho de Mesoamérica y recibió diversos nombres. Los gobernantes-sacerdotes del mundo mesoamericano que llevaron su nombre llegaron a ser confundidos con el dios y —ya sea por sus obras benéficas o por sus hechos hazañosos— elevados al rango de héroes deificados. A l. a. llegada de los españoles, el culto de Quetzalcóatl conservaba vigencia y aún se representaba al dios en esculturas y códices.
By Hassan Qazwini
During this inspiring narrative, considered one of this country’s most vital Muslim leaders finds the tale of his lifestyles and his religion, and why Islam is nice for the USA. because the non secular chief of the Islamic heart of the US in Dearborn, Michigan, Imam Hassan Qazwini serves the biggest Muslim congregation within the usa. His dramatic trip to those seashores begun in 1971, whilst his father’s anti-Baathist perspectives pressured his family members to escape from Saddam’s Iraq to Kuwait after which to war-torn Iran. Then, in 1992, along with his father’s blessing, he left for the U.S., a spot the place younger Muslims have been looking religious advice and the place his kids might develop up within the peace Qazwini were denied. First in California after which in Michigan, Qazwini observed a stunning new international during which leaders have been brazenly mocked, women’s our bodies have been on exhibit in public, and Christian symbols have been disparaged with out final result. He additionally observed a land within which the shortcoming of a standard religion necessitated a good attempt to create a shared group. by way of counseling American Muslims–and sharing his faith with these of different beliefs–he got here to think at domestic within the nation he already enjoyed, and he turned a relied on consultant to neighborhood and nationwide politicians.Then, after Sep 11, Osama bin encumbered gave him “a new full-time job.”American Crescent vividly describes Qazwini’s efforts to teach americans how those that destroyed the area exchange middle had hijacked Islam besides, and that the majority Muslims have been appalled through their activities. but he additionally takes the Bush management to activity for championing the prejudicial Patriot Act (after Muslims supported George W. Bush within the 2000 election) and deplores its behavior within the Iraq War.Throughout American Crescent, Qazwini bargains a revelatory examine the tenets and heritage of Islam, protecting it as a religion of peace and variety, and not easy stereotypes and misconceptions promulgated through the media. Iran, he issues out, has a better percent of ladies in its parliament than the U.S. does in either homes of Congress. “If you need to find out about Islam,” he writes, “turn off the TV.”At as soon as a desirable own tale and a heartfelt plea to combine Islamic teachings into the tolerant traditions of the United States, this e-book is a vital contribution to our figuring out of all those that reside between us, at a time while it concerns such a lot.
By Judith Tick, Paul Beaudoin
Music within the united states: A Documentary Companion charts a direction via American tune and musical existence utilizing as publications the phrases of composers, performers, writers and the remainder of us traditional folks that sing, dance, and pay attention. The anthology of fundamental resources comprises approximately one hundred sixty choices from 1540 to 2000. occasionally the resources are classics within the literature round American track, for instance, the Preface to the Bay Psalm ebook, excerpts from Slave Songs of the U.S., and Charles Ives extolling Emerson. yet many different decisions supply unusual assets, together with a satirical tale a few Yankee tune instructor; quite a few columns from 19th-century German American newspapers; the memoirs of a 19th-century diva; Lottie Joplin remembering her husband Scott; a little-known mirrored image of Copland approximately Stravinsky; an interview with Muddy Waters from the Chicago Defender; a letter from Woody Guthrie at the "spunkfire" perspective of a folks tune; a statement from the rustic song organization; and the Congressional testimony round "Napster." "Sidebar" entries sometimes deliver an issue or an concept into the current, acknowledging the level to which revivals of many varieties of track play a job in American modern tradition. This booklet specializes in the connections among idea and perform to counterpoint our knowing of the variety of yankee musical reviews. Designed specifically to accompany collage classes which survey American track as an entire, the booklet is usually correct to classes in American heritage and American Studies.
"Spanning approximately 5 centuries of writings, the gathering deals a richly resourceful imaginative and prescient of our heritage as built via sound. From the Bay Psalm ebook, shape-note making a song, and Louis Moreau Gottschalk to Ella Fitzgerald, Elliott Carter, and turntabling, song within the united states: A Documentary spouse brilliantly documents many voices on a mixture tape for twenty-first-century audiences."--Ellie M. Hisama, Professor of track, Columbia college, and editor, magazine of the Society for American Music
"A treasure for an individual who's thinking about the USA and its many streams of song. the decisions are clean and sundry. The goods taken care of contain (to point out a few that contain the letter "C") Colonial hymns, Civil conflict marches, nineteenth-century prima donna and opera-company supervisor Clara Kellogg, Copland's Rodeo, Chuck Berry, and salsa musician Willie Colón. The annotations offer crisp info and context but in addition are studded with sophisticated, occasionally sly provocations. an awesome compendium for school room use to complement--or maybe even replace--a typical textbook on track in America." --Ralph P. Locke, Professor of Musicology, Eastman tuition of track (University of Rochester)
By Benn L. Bongang
Bongang finds that the U.S. Congress made up our minds the content material of United countries via a coercive investment method together with withholding dues till reforms have been carried out. The coercive investment laws, Helms-Biden, even supposing bipartisan, was once encouraged via principles from conservative coverage think-tanks. Bongang strains the evolution of ambivalent attitudes in Congress in the direction of overseas firms. those ranged from the rejection of the League of countries within the Senate to enthusiasm for the construction of the United Nations.. Such swings, Bongang contends, are in line with the good judgment of the United States s specific and dominant position within the 20th century. The publication is hence a case examine constant of American exceptionalism and hegemony, and it emphasizes the significance of rules in overseas coverage.
By Helmut Dietl
This booklet explores a chain of questions on the variations within the capital markets in Japan, Germany and the USA, and comprises empirical and comparative reviews from the 3 nations.
By Rodney Stark, Charles Y. Glock
By Reinhold Brinkmann, Christoph Wolff
The compelled migration of artists and students from Nazi Germany is a compelling and infrequently wrenching tale. the tale is twofold, of impoverishment for the nations the musicians left at the back of and enrichment for the us. The latter is the point of interest of this eminent assortment, which methods the topic from assorted views, together with documentary-style newspaper money owed and an exploration of Walt Whitman's poetry within the paintings of Paul Hindemith and Kurt Weill. The flood of musical migration from Germany and Austria from 1933 to 1944 had an enduring impression. hundreds of thousands of musicians and musicologists got here to the U.S. and remained right here, and the shaping strength of their abilities is incalculable. numerous essays offer firsthand insights into features of yank cultural background to which those emigres made crucial contributions as conductors, professors, and composers; different essays inform of the annoying adventure of being exiled and the problems of discovering one's means in a international nation. whereas the migration infused the U.S. with a exceptionally ecu musical understanding, while the prestige and authority of its members tended to interfere within the improvement of a really American cultural voice. the tale of the unheard of migration that resulted from Nazism has many dimensions, and pushed Into Paradise illuminates them in deeply human phrases. members: Milton Babbitt Reinhold Brinkmann Hermann Danuser Peter homosexual Bryan Gilliam Lydia Goehr Stephen Hinton David Josephson Kim H. Kowalke Walter Levin Bruno Nettl Pamela M. Potter Alexander L. Ringer Anne C. Shreffler Christoph Wolff Claudia Maurer Zenck "This is an extended late and remarkable contribution to our figuring out of the highbrow migration from Europe. The essays in this quantity light up in new methods the studies of musicians and students who fled Europe." --Leon Botstein, track Director, American Symphony Orchestra "With a sweep and coherence very infrequent in essay collections, this quantity instantly takes its position as the most vital courses on twentieth-century tune. the variety of resource fabrics is stunning: anecdotes, letters, memoirs, interviews, newspaper articles, musical rankings, movies, and archival files. dealt with with deft scholarship, they upload as much as a balanced but deeply relocating account of the way figures of exile skilled and remodeled American culture." --Walter Frisch, writer of The Early Works of Arnold Schoenberg