By Gordon Munro, Don M. McRae
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Additional resources for Canadian Oceans Policy: National Strategies and the New Law of the Sea
The negotiators probably had two objectives. The first was to minimize the interceptions, that is, to minimize the transboundary nature of the Pacific salmon fisheries. Complete elimination of interceptions was not feasible because the Americans would never tolerate loss of the historic Fraser River fishery. The second objective was to negotiate a mutually acceptable division of benefits (however defined) of the set of Pacific salmon fisheries. One can conjecture that the first step would be to estimate the current economic benefits enjoyed by both sides.
9 We would conjecture that the goal of management was to achieve MSY stock levels for the resources. 10 Canada later had reservations about the desirability of such American contributions to these facilities. The Americans maintained that these investments gave them what amounted to a permanent claim to portions of the Fraser River salmon harvests. 11 Canada, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Information Bulletin, No. i-HQ-85-iE (Ottawa 1985), 2. 12 Canada, Commission on Pacific Fisheries Policy, Final Report, 121.
Law on Indian fishing rights further threatened Alaskan interests. S. 23 Implementation of these decisions during the 19705 and 19808 led to severe reductions in the catches of non-Indian Pacific Northwest fishermen. As Alaskan fishermen also harvested fish destined for Pacific Northwest streams, there existed a potential legal argument for similarly restricting their catches in the interest of fulfilling treaty obligations. S. S. Indian beneficiaries. But with a treaty in place fixing Canadian interceptions at predetermined levels, a stronger argument could be made for the technical feasibility of passing Alaskan fish through Canadian waters to Northwest Indians, were such transfers legally required or desirable.