By Phillip M. Thompson

This booklet explores the Catholic Church's engagement with technology and know-how within the 20th century by way of concentrating on the $64000 function of 4 favorite Catholic intellectuals representing the various highbrow currents in their new release. The ebook unpacks either the demanding situations and rewards of pursuing such efforts among the Modernist problem and the second one Vatican Council. This learn of those intellectuals indicates how the Church moved from clash to discussion in its courting with technological know-how and expertise.

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Ker, John Henry Newman, 397–416. 23. John Henry Newman, “Christianity and the Physical Science: A Lecture in the School of Medicine” (1855), in John Henry Newman, The Idea of a University, ed. Martin J. Svaglic (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1982), 323–24, 332. 24. Newman, “Christianity and Physical Science,” 327–30. 25. Newman, The Idea of a University, 224–25. 26. Newman, The Idea of a University, 54–58, 225. For an excellent account of Newman and the sciences, see Michael Baur, “Newman on the Problem of the Partiality and Unity of the Sciences,” Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 77 (2003): 111–27.

Genesis allowed for the possibility of God’s proceeding from the creation of primary matter ex nihilo to more complex forms. After all, Gregory of Nyssa, Augustine, and Aquinas favored a theistic evolution or unfolding of creation. 52 In a work that drew much negative attention, Evolution and Dogma (1896), Zahm sketched a reconciliation of evolution and Catholicism. Evolution allowed for divine action in the creation and ordering of the universe and in the creation of the human soul. 53 Adopting an independence position in his methodology, Zahm’s analysis recognizes the epistemological separation of metaphysics and science.

At the heart of this review was the suspicion that Zahm’s book was another excessive attempt at reconciling the Church with certain popular forms of secular thought. 59 After the La Civilta Catollica article, there was a series of additional twists and turns. On the date of the publication of the La Civilta Catollica article, the Congregation of the Holy Office began its inquiry into the case of Zahm and specifically Evolution and Dogma. The record indicates some requests for more information but the record abruptly ends on May 11, 1897, and there was no further action in the file.

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