By Wendy Cameron

Using a wealthy choice of modern assets, this learn makes a speciality of one workforce of English immigrants despatched to top Canada from Sussex and different southern counties via parishes and landlords. partly One, Wendy Cameron follows the paintings of the Petworth Emigration Committee over six years and hint how the immigrants have been obtained in each one of those years. partially , Mary McDougall Maude provides an entire checklist of emigrants on Petworth ships from 1832 to 1837, together with information in their heritage, kin reconstructions, and extra info drawn from Canadian resources. Paternalism robust sufficient to gradual the wheels of swap is embodied the following in Thomas Sockett, the organizer of the Petworth emigrations, and his buyer, the Earl of Egremont, and in Lieutenant Governor Sir John Colborne in higher Canada. The friction created as those males sought to maintain older values within the dating among wealthy and terrible highlights the shift in British emigration coverage. In those years of transition immigrants despatched via the Petworth Emigration Committee might settle for suggestions and the govt. course that went with it, or they can depend on their very own assets and locate paintings for themselves. as soon as the transition used to be whole, the market-driven version took over and immigrants needed to make their very own top discount for his or her labour.

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Extra resources for Assisting Emigration to Upper Canada: The Petworth Project, 1832-1837

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Egremont had mentioned an appropriate sum for the first ship before turning the scheme over to him, certain that Sockett would manage the money wisely and conduct the affair with due regard for his patron's peace of mind and reputation. Yet knowing what Egremont would think was the "right" thing to do in a particular situation could not always have been easy. Sockett walked a fine line in deciding how much money he should spend on promoting emigration and sending emigrants to Upper Canada. 16 Egremont s hold on his area of deference remained firm through the six years of the Petworth emigrations, a period in which English local government changed significantly.

36 In the early nineteenth century, the most influential government initiatives in assisted emigration were made by the Colonial Office during the long tenure of the Tories and Colonial Secretary Lord Bathurst. Under different terms, several parties of immigrants were located in Upper Canada between 1815 and 1825. M. Johnston arrives at a total of 6,700 or more. 39 Parish-aided immigrants to Upper Canada are more difficult to count because they were sent by many different parishes and no single authority was responsible for them.

He explained his reasoning in December 1831 in responding to George Poulett Scrope, who had sent him a draft of an emigration bill radically simplified to make it easier for parishes to borrow. Howick did not want the legislation because of the many "embarrassing questions" that would be raised by government involvement. "58 Howick had rejected assistance to parish-aided emigration to North America at a time when Richmond still hesitated, and it took Howick the better part of a year to bring Richmond to his way of thinking.

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