By Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration

Within the place of work of area technological know-how of the nationwide Aeronautics and area management (NASA) specified value is hooked up to exploration of the planet Mars, since it is the main like Earth of the planets within the sun method and where the place the 1st detection of extraterrestrial existence turns out probably to be made. The disasters in 1999 of 2 NASA missions-Mars weather Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander-caused the gap agency's software of Mars exploration to be systematically rethought, either technologically and scientifically. a brand new Mars Exploration software plan (summarized in Appendix A) used to be introduced in October 2000. The Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration (COMPLEX), a status committee of the distance stories Board of the nationwide study Council, used to be requested to ascertain the medical content material of this new software. This pursuits of this document are the following:

-Review the nation of data of the planet Mars, with unique emphasis on findings of the newest Mars missions and similar examine activities;

-Review an important Mars examine possibilities within the quick future;

-Review medical priorities for the exploration of Mars pointed out by way of advanced (and different medical advisory teams) and their motivation, and view the measure to which contemporary discoveries recommend a reordering of priorities; and

-Assess the congruence among NASA's evolving Mars Exploration application plan and those prompt priorities, and recommend any alterations that will be warranted.

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F. Nimmo, “Dike Intrusion as a Possible Cause of Linear Martian Magnetic Anomalies,” Geology 28: 391–394, 2000. 22. H. P. F. P. Lin, D. W. Carlson, J. A. Anderson, H. Reme, C. Mazelle, D. Vignes, P. Wasilewski, and P. Cloutier, “Global Distribution of Crustal Magnetization Discovered by the Mars Global Surveyor MAG/ER Experiment,” Science 284: 790–793, 1999. 23. E. T. C. J. W. B. B. O. H. A. G. B. Abshire, O. D. A. B. J. J. C. V. E. Sakimoto, and J. Roark, “The MOLA Topographic Signature at the Crustal Dichotomy Boundary Zone on Mars,” Geophysical Research Letters 25: 4409– 4412, 1998.

Head III, R. P. K. Hartmann, E. Hauber, R. Jaumann, P. Masson, G. E. H. Carr, “Geological Processes and Evolution,” Space Science Reviews 96: 263–292, 2001). A correspondence between absolute ages and crater densities has not been established with confidence. The figure is subject to amendment; it shows Tharsis volcanism to have occurred in the Hesperian epoch, but recent Mars Global Surveyor data have indicated that the Tharsis complex of volcanoes was formed in the upper Noachian epoch. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

27. E. D. -Y. Shih, A. Greshake, D. Stöffler, and O. Eugster, “Ages and Geologic Histories of Martian Meteorites,” Space Science Reviews 96: 105–164, 2001. 28. , 1978. 29. , 1990. 30. , 1996. 31.

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