By Alan Williamson, Andrew Wu, Joey Gibson, Kirk Pepperdine

Ant has emerged because the most well-liked construction device for Java builders, automating tedious compilation, attempt, and code administration. Many Java builders are conscious of Ant yet there's little documentation to help in getting all started with the Ant device. Even skilled builders who already use the various gains of the Ant software, fight with the extra complicated points. This booklet will train these builders in Ant's extra complex themes, and aid them get extra out of the instrument. The Ant Developer's instruction manual starts with a speedy advent to acquiring, fitting, and configuring Ant and covers all significant function units and use practices. Ant is a cross-platform construct and configuration administration software. it's written in Java, and makes use of XML as its dossier layout, thereby permitting complete improvement groups to proportion Ant construct records, whatever the working approach every one developer is utilizing. Ant can practice approximately any universal configuration administration functionality, together with: * compiling program resource code * operating attempt suites and development archive documents * moving/copying records to server machines * interacting with resource keep watch over systemsConfiguration administration (CM) maintains to stay an important hassle within the software program improvement enviornment. This has been quite obvious with Java. As undertaking groups mature and become aware of that they wish CM, they've been turning to Ant as a device to fill their CM wishes. Ant Developer's guide is critical because it addresses the "how to" hole that's at the moment now not lined by means of the other set of documentation. This "how to" details may be very important for improvement groups as they try and use Ant in industrial-strength environments.

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32. java"/> 51 52 Note It is important to note that for the regexp mapper to work, you must have access to a regular expression library. You essentially have three options. 4, you have a built-in regexp library. 4, you can use Jakarta Regexp or Jakarta ORO. Whichever one you choose to use, you must ensure that it is in the class path prior to execution. And, if you build from source, the regexp library must be in your class path before you build Ant. Otherwise, the Ant regexp support classes won't be built into Ant.

This task has many, many attributes, all of which are optional. Realistically, you need to include the srcdir and destdir attributes, but I will show you a few others that are useful. 9 shows what our target called compile will look like. dir directory. java files to compile. The destdir attribute tells the compiler where to place the binary files. In our example, this will be build/classes (with package directories created as needed). The debug attribute tells the compiler whether to include debug information.

Jar located in your build directory. jar . 14. 14. Running our executable JAR file. xml file that we've built up over the course of this introduction. xml. MF"/> 36 37 Telling Ant What to Do As you've noticed from previous sections, you can tell Ant to run a particular target by giving its name on the command line. You can also specify a series of targets to execute in a particular order by specifying them on the command line after the Ant executable. You can give one or more targets this way, and they will be run in the order given.

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