By Crosby

Among August 1918 and March 1919 the Spanish influenza unfold around the world, claiming over 25 million lives, extra humans than these perished within the battling of the 1st international battle. It proved deadly to at the very least a half-million americans. but, the Spanish flu pandemic is essentially forgotten this day. during this vibrant narrative, Alfred W. Crosby recounts the process the pandemic in the course of the panic-stricken months of 1918 and 1919, measures its influence on American society, and probes the curious lack of nationwide reminiscence of this cataclysmic occasion. In a brand new variation, with a brand new preface discussing the new outbreaks of ailments, together with the Asian flu and the SARS epidemic, America's Forgotten Pandemic is still either prescient and suitable. Alfred W. Crosby is a Professor Emeritus in American reviews, historical past and Geography on the collage of Texas at Austin, the place he taught for over two decades. His earlier books comprise Throwing hearth (Cambrige, 2002), the degree of truth (Cambridge, 1997) and Ecological Imperialism (cambridge, 1986). Ecological Imperialism used to be the winner of the 1986 Phi Beta Kappa e-book prize. The degree of fact used to be selected by means of the la occasions as one of many a hundred most vital books of 1997.

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Extra info for America's Forgotten Pandemic: The Influenza of 1918, 2nd edition

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Jordan, Epidemic Influenza, p. 83. 22. , Influenza, Monograph No. 16, Annals of the Picket-Thomson Research Laboratory (London: Bailliere, Tindall and Cox, 1933 and 1934), Pt. 1, pp. 8-9; Annual Report of the Secretary of Navy, 1918, p. 1506; AnnualReports ofthe Navy Department, 1919, pp. 2079, 2424; MacPherson, W. , History of Great War Based on Official Documents. Medical Services General History, vol. 3 (London: His Majesty's Stationary Off ice, 1924), p. 259. , Le Service de Sante Militaire au Grand Quartier General Francais (1918-1919) (Paris: Charles-Lavauzelle et Cie, 1934), p.

23 In the armies of the Western Front the first wave of influenza waned in July, just as it waxed among the civilian populations of many European nations. Flu wasn't a reportable disease in London, but we do know that in three weeks in July 700 died there of flu and 475 of pneumonia. Hamburg lost 214 of its citizens to flu and pneumonia in July. There were thousands in Germany ill with Spanish influenza. Hunger caused by the British naval blockade was blamed for the sickness: the ration of the staple of the Germans' diet, potatoes, was down to 1-1/22 kilograms a week per person.

When an influenza epidemic or pandemic strikes, both the influenza and pneumonia mortality rates rise, but the shape of the curve remains approximately the same. Influenza and its complications still kill the young and the old more readily than those in the prime years of life. But when a curve is plotted for the incidence of flu and pneumonia deaths according to age for one of the United States cities that had a higher than normal number of such deaths in the spring of 1918 (for example, Louisville, Kentucky, for April), the resulting curve is not a u, but a crude w with its highest point in the middle, where both science and common sense declare it should not be.

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