By Malcolm W. Mintz

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Extra info for A Student's Grammar of Malay and Indonesian

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The argument that can serve as justification for the argument of the normalisator is used: В общем, если называть вещи своими именами, нормой является то, что признается правильным нормализаторами, а критерии (чаще один или два) прилагаются тогда, когда факт соответствует взглядам нормализаторов. 2 Subjectivity as a consequence of these criteria This subjectivity is, according to Berkov, not necessarily negative as normalisators usually possess a good linguistic education, 68 but it must be borne in mind that the codification contains or is based on subjectivity; it is the authors’ view of what should be the norm that is used (1996:42).

G. sapo´gi (Zemskaja 1983:179), or by putting on a “linguistic mask” through the use of dialectal or low colloquial speech: –Kak vam ugodno/ vy

These concepts are also found in Ager (1990:239–240; see quote above) and they are used by Hartung (1977). He defines implicit norm as the norm that the individual acquires through experience and linguistic activity and explicit norm as the reflection of these experiences in the forms of obligatory prescriptions. Implicit norms can become explicit through scientifically based explanations, and explicit norms become implicit through language acquisition. , Niemeyer 1994:13). e. the usage and attitude of educated speakers) and explicit norm is equal to the codified norm.

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