By John Losee
Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating advent deals a old exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technology. With concise profiles proposing the main philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this booklet, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised via philosophers and scientists concerning the right evaluate of technology. This re-creation accommodates modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with contemporary paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the talk over medical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative technique, this paintings is the perfect introductory quantity.
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Additional info for A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science (OPUS)
A further important aspect of the atomists’ programme is the reduction of qualitative changes at the macroscopic level to quantitative changes at the atomism and the concept of underlying mechanism atomic level. Atomists agreed with Pythagoreans that scientiﬁc explanations ought to be given in terms of geometrical and numerical relationships. Two factors weighed against any widespread acceptance of the classical version of atomism. The ﬁrst factor was the uncompromising materialism of this philosophy.
However, the second premiss, which asserts the immutability of the adjacent celestial matter, is false. Grosseteste’s argument did not prove false the conduction hypothesis. 14 Grosseteste was not the ﬁrst scholar to use modus tollens arguments to falsify rival hypotheses. * Grosseteste’s achievement was the systematic application of this technique to supplement Aristotle’s evaluation procedures for scientiﬁc hypotheses. In spite of the fact that Grosseteste’s numerous applications of modus tollens arguments are unconvincing in the light of current scientiﬁc knowledge, * An example is Euclid’s proof that there is no greatest prime number.
Note 1 G. S. Kirk and J. E. Raven, The Presocratic Philosophers (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ), –. 5 Afﬁrmation and Development of Aristotle’s Method in the Medieval Period The Inductive–Deductive Pattern of Scientiﬁc Inquiry Roger Bacon’s “Second Prerogative” of Experimental Science The Inductive Methods of Agreement and Difference Duns Scotus’s Method of Agreement William of Ockham’s Method of Difference 28 28 29 29 30 Evaluation of Competing Explanations Roger Bacon’s “First Prerogative” of Experimental Science Grosseteste’s Method of Falsiﬁcation Ockham’s “Razor” 31 31 32 34 The Controversy about Necessary Truth Duns Scotus on the “Aptitudinal Union” of Phenomena Nicolaus of Autrecourt on Necessary Truth as Conforming to the Principle of Non-contradiction 35 35 36 Robert Grosseteste (c.