By Francis M. Carroll
In this certain and engaging publication, Francis Carroll tells the tale of the makes an attempt to settle the unique boundary among Canada and the U.S. from the Atlantic coast to the center of the continent.
Established by means of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, it quickly turned transparent that ambiguities and mistakes within the treaty introduced confusion and competition within the boundary borderland from New Brunswick and Maine to the St. Lawrence River, throughout the nice Lakes and from Lake more suitable to Lake of the Woods, within the center of the continent. This borderland, gradually filling with humans of competing pursuits - Loyalists and Yankees, fur investors and infantrymen, Europeans and primary international locations peoples - grew to become the focal point of the foremost situation in Anglo-Canadian-American relatives for nearly sixty years.
Drawing on broad learn and using manuscript fabrics by no means delivered to undergo at the topic ahead of, the hunt for Boundary is the 1st paintings to completely clarify the efforts of the different Boundary Commissions and the failed arbitration of the King of Netherlands - all significant foreign makes an attempt to settle the boundary. The e-book additionally offers a clean interpretation of the relevance the turbulent decade of the 1830s had in contributing to the experience of urgency that eventually allowed for negotiation of an inexpensive compromise payment of the boundary within the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 -- "A strong and clever measure," as Lord Ashburton known as it. full of the politics and intrigues of the time, Carroll brings to lifestyles a extraordinary time within the diplomatic and political background of either Canada and the United States.
Winner of the Dafoe e-book Prize, offered via the J.W. Dafoe Foundation
Read or Download A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842 PDF
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Extra info for A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842
The last meeting took place on 23 December 1814 at four o'clock in the afternoon at the residence of the British commissioners in Ghent. Clear copies of the treaty had been hurriedly prepared overnight for reading and signing. While exchanging copies of the documents, Lord Gambier said that he hoped that the peace would be permanent. '64 And so it was. The Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812, was signed and sealed the next day, on the afternoon of Christmas Eve 1814. It is often remarked that the document avoided mention of the issues that brought on the war and that in effect it settled nothing.
First, he thought that circumstances in Europe were so unpredictable that he was indispensable there, and so events proved when Napoleon returned to France from Elba in March 1815. Second, he was not confident that his leadership of the army would change the situation in America. Wellington observed that naval supremacy on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain was crucial. ' As for the peace talks at Ghent, he made an important observation. ' In short, he told Liverpool that while British forces in America had not done badly, the state of the military situation was not such that Britain could demand territory on the basis of uti possidetis.
Moreover, the fact that Barclay had been officially engaged in the boundary question since the St Croix Commission in 1796 definitely gave him an edge in dealing with the Americans.