By Hans-Jorg Rheinberger, Peter McLaughlin, Staffan Muller-Wille

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Pp. 84/85. 49 Marc J. Ratcliff 3. 1 Grower and breeder’s practices: morphological changes of plants G. M. Darrow has given a comprehensive account of the history and breeding of strawberries in England. Among the wide variety of growers and breeders’ practices, I shall characterise those affecting morphological changes of plant during the years of Duchesne’s enterprise. These practices established a common background for growers, florists, breeders – and cattle farmers – from the seventeenth-century onwards; they had been progressively improved along several treatises on husbandry, gardening and agriculture.

In order to characterise his own contribution. c. I shall address the problem of the impact this enterprise had on the second half of the eighteenth-century practices and knowledge of natural history, notably on two points: what became the new strawberries, and what was Duchesne’s impact on heredity and new species. 13 14 15 16 17 Guyénot (1941), p. 376n. Guyénot (1941), p. 376; Duchesne (1766), p. 13. Tassy (1991), p. 26. ” Barsanti (1992), p. 85. Barsanti (1992), p. 84. , pp. 84/85. 49 Marc J.

P. 34. Pensée LVI, p. 88. Buffon, Histoire Naturelle, vol. ii, In Buffon (1954), p. 238. On Needham, see Roger (1971), pp. 424/520; Roe (1983). For the experiments on seminal fluids and the microscope they used, see Roger (1997), pp. 140/145 and Sloane (1992). Sloane concludes that Buffon was very likely seeing bacteria and cell fragments in Brownian motion. 31 Mary Terrall without retreating into agnosticism. I want to emphasize the interpretive power of analogy for Buffon. He did not claim that physical, three-dimensional molds hover in the sex organs, waiting to receive matter exactly as metal molds do.

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