By Emma Cayley , Joan E. McRae Daisy Delogu

A spouse to Alain Chartier: Father of French Eloquence brings jointly fourteen contributions that supply more than a few views and insights into the works of this unprecedented overdue medieval writer. As inheritor to the previous and bring in of the long run, Chartier reinvented the normal, even if in Latin or French, verse or prose. Chartier's open-ended, dialogic works and his personal politically-engaged writing encouraged his successors to imagine and write in new methods approximately ethics, the individual's position in society, relationships among women and men, and the accountability of a poet to his/her viewers. As those essays express, Chartier's preservation of poetic shape and content material had significant impact over successive generations of writers in France and throughout Europe. members are: Adrian Armstrong, Florence Bouchet, Emma Cayley, Daisy Delogu, Ashby Kinch, James C. Laidlaw, Marta Marfany, Deborah McGrady, Joan E. McRae, Jean-Claude Muhlethaler, Liv Robinson, Camille Serchuk, Andrea Tarnowski, Craig Taylor, and Hanno Wijsman.

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His use and modification of others’ work points up his singularity, and as this consists in a distanced relation to experience as well as an ambivalence to writing, the ways he places himself vis-à-vis his compositions affect their import. Consistently, the prologues and opening passages of his texts show Chartier making his own material from that of his predecessors; in what follows, Guillaume de Machaut, Roman rhetors, Biblical prophets and Boethius can all be seen to contribute to Chartier’s self-portrayal.

Plaisance returns in stanza after stanza as the cure for all ills and the source of all value: Plaisance est bien souverain Et haultain, Qui rent joie souveraine Et haultaine (vv. ] The poem’s advice is to devote oneself to its pursuit and practice. In Machaut’s Jugement, plaisance also appears. When applied to the dejected knight in the poem, it has an ambiguous or even negative connotation. The knight speaks of the quality personified: Plaisance “fixes herself in his heart” as he gazes on his beloved; her “trick” traps him in her tower [pris estoie par le tour / De Plaisance qui m’ot mis en sa tour] (vv.

James C. Laidlaw writes that the lay “almost certainly” predates 1413. See James C. Laidlaw, The Poetical Works of Alain Chartier (Cambridge: 1974), 28. Citations are from Laidlaw’s edition. 3 See Bourgain-Hemeryck, xi, and Laidlaw, 3. 4 Jacqueline Cerquiglini-Toulet discusses “joy” as a cultural value whose importance stood in inverse proportion to its presence in society. La couleur de la mélancolie. La fréquentation des livres au xive siècle, 1300–1415 (Paris: 1993), 53. 5 See Brigitte Buettner, “Past Presents: New Year’s Gifts at the Valois Courts,” Art Bulletin 83:4 (2001), 598–625, esp.

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